PAUL BOGLE was born before the abolition of slavery, sometime between 1815 and 1820. He grew up when slavery was ending, believing in the teachings of the Bible and was generally thought of as a peaceful and kind man.
Even after slavery was abolished, there was no real freedom for the black men and women living in Jamaica. They were not given rights to fair trials, to own land or to vote. They were made to pay very high taxes and continued to be punished badly by colonialists and planters. Paul Bogle did own land - about 500 acres, and he could read, write and vote.
One day in 1865, two men were on trial in the Morant Bay Court House and Paul Bogle together with some of his people went to support them. Events that took place at that trial led to the Morant Bay Rebellion, lead by Paul Bogle.
The Government sent troops to put down the rebellion and they burnt thousands of houses and many of Paul Bogle's people were killed or hurt. Eventually Paul Bogle was captured and taken to Morant Bay where he was put on trial. He was found guilty and hanged at the Court House on October 24, 1865, along with four hundred and thirty-eight other people.
However this demonstration did achieve its objectives. It paved the way towards the establishment of fairer practice in the courts and it brought about a change in official attitude which made the social and economic betterment of the people possible. Paul Bogle was named one of Jamaica's national heroes because he died for what he believed was right.